Aerial view over Vltava River and medieval Krumau, a UNESCO heritage site in Cesky Krumlov, Bohemia

Things to do in  Bohemia

Prague, palaces, and pilsner

Despite its artistic, alternative connotations, Bohemia is simply a region of the Czech Republic. The historical province has been incorporated into many nations and empires over the centuries, from the Habsburg Empire to post-war Czechoslovakia, and modern-day Bohemia reflects this rich, long history. Bohemia is the westernmost region of the Czech Republic and its largest. Incorporating the Czech capital Prague and the popular towns of Karlovy Vary, Plsn, Cesky Krumlov, Ceske Budejovice, and Kutna Hora, there’s a lot to see and many things to do in Bohemia.

Top 12 attractions in Bohemia

Moser Glassworks (Sklárne Moser)

The Czech Republic is famous for its fine crystal glassware, which travelers can admire, learn about, and purchase at Karlovy Vary’s Moser Glassworks. Founded in 1857, the glassworks produces a range of decorative and practical glass pieces using environmentally friendly techniques. Visitors can tour the museum and shop for fine glassware at the Moser Glassworks.More

Bohemian Switzerland National Park (Narodni Park Ceske Svycarsko)

It may be the Czech Republic’s newest national park, but Bohemian Switzerland National Park (Narodni Park Ceske Svycarsko) has long been a popular destination for traders and artists. The park’s curious name was inspired by two 19th-century Swiss artists who settled in the region because it reminded them of their homeland. Today the park draws hikers, bikers, climbers, and nature lovers from around the world.More

Pravcice Gate (Pravcická Brána)

At the northwestern edge of the Czech Republic, you’ll find one of the country’s favorite nature escapes. Bohemian Switzerland National Park is blanketed in lush green landscapes, steep navigable river gorges, and the 52-foot (16-meter -high Pravcice Gate (Pravcická Brána, Europe’s largest natural rock arch and the park’s symbol.More

Karlovy Vary (Carlsbad)

Located 2 hours outside of Prague, Karlovy Vary (also known as Carlsbad is a charming spa town in the Czech Republic. Its spacious streets are lined with classical-style colonnades and colorfully painted buildings and the town is surrounded by green forest. Visitors come to drink the restorative spa waters and enjoy the countryside.More

St. Vitus Church (Kostel sv. Vita)

In Cesky Krumlov, 105 miles (170 kilometers) away from Prague, the St. Vitus Church (Kostel sv. Vita) is not be confused with the cathedral of the same name located at Prague Castle. With its unusual steep-sided roof and single tower, the church is a popular stop for visitors coming to see Krumlov Castle—the church is inside the castle complex.More

Cesky Sternberk Castle (Hrad Cesky Sternberk)

Cesky Sternberk Castle sits on a cliff over the small village of Sternberk, in the countryside of Bohemia. It was built in the 1240s, redesigned in the Gothic style in the 15th century, and renovated in the baroque style in the 17th. It’s still owned by descendants of its original owners, who still live there.More

Ceske Budejovice

The Czech town of Ceske Budejovice in South Bohemia may be best known for the beer that has been brewed there since the 13th century. Even if you aren't a beer lover, this charming provincial capital is well worth a visit thanks to its vast main square, winding lanes, and a location that lends itself for exploring the region.More

Loket Castle (Hrad Loket)

The Gothic Loket Castle (Hrad Loket) looms over the Western Bohemian town of Loket. The town was founded in about the 9th century, and the castle a few hundred years later. The castle is a beautiful sight from the outside, with its pointed turrets and thick stone walls. Visitors can also tour the inside, which has been converted into a museum.More
Jan Becher Museum (Jan Becher Muzeum)

Jan Becher Museum (Jan Becher Muzeum)

The ornate Baroque town of Karlovy Vary in Western Bohemia is famous for its spas, crystal ware and Becherovka, a herbal liqueur that was first concocted in 1807 by pharmacist Jan Becher using the pure water that made the town famous. Today Becherovka is still distilled to the same secret recipe – known only to two people at any one time – using a mixture of natural ingredients including sugar, cinnamon, herbs and spices. It is one of the Czech Republic’s favorite tipples and is also exported to more than 35 countries worldwide. The Jan Becher Museum (Jan Becher Muzeum) opened in 2009 in the distillery’s original premises when production moved into larger premises. Guided tours take in the original subterranean cellars, where Becherovka was stored for two months in vast oak barrels, and showcase the history of the liqueur in a short movie before tracing each stage of its production. The museum is filled with portraits of six generations of the Becher family, two centuries’ worth of advertising posters and examples of the porcelain cups from which Becherovka was traditionally drunk.After visiting the museum, Becherovka is available to sample straight or in a variety of cocktails in the tasting room, the Terrace Bar and the Esplanade; it can also be bought in personalized versions of its distinctively flat, green bottle to be taken home as a souvenir.More


Offering interactive education and entertainment in Liberec, the modern science center iQLANDIA has a 3D planetarium and hundreds of original exhibits relating to science and technology. It is even home to the first—and only—humanoid robot in the Czech Republic.More

Ghetto Museum (Muzeum Ghetta)

The Ghetto Museum (Muzeum Ghetta) is part of the Terezín Memorial, which commemorates and teaches visitors about erstwhile Czechoslovakia’s dark World War II history. The late-18th century garrison town of Terezín, known as Theresienstadt in German, was turned into a work camp and ghetto by the Nazis and used as a transit point for Jews on the way to Auschwitz. An estimated 30,000 people died here.More

Pilsner Urquell Brewery (Plzenský Prazdroj)

As visitors to the Czech Republic soon find out, Pilsner Urquell is practically synonymous with Czech beer. It’s brewed in the city of Pilsen (Plzeň), in the western Czech Republic. Beer lovers can take a tour of the Pilsner Urquell Brewery (Plzeňský Prazdroj) to learn more about the beer’s history and production, and to have a taste.More

Top activities in Bohemia

Cesky Krumlov Tour 4 hours

Cesky Krumlov Tour 4 hours

per group
Český Krumlov Private Walking Tour

Český Krumlov Private Walking Tour

per group
Operators have paid Viator more to have their experiences featured here

All about Bohemia

Getting around

There’s no real need to rent private cars in Bohemia because this part of the Czech Republic has reliable, affordable public transport. Trains connect most major towns and cities–and even some more remote ones, on limited schedules–and long-distance buses are a viable alternative. Prague has an excellent transport system, with a small metro and plentiful buses and tram lines. Small Bohemian cities, such as Ceske Budejovice, are serviced by buses, while smaller towns, like Cesky Krumlov and Kutna Hora, are walkable.

Traveler tips

The further you travel from Prague, the harder it is to get by on English alone. While many younger Czechs speak good English, many older folk don’t–although they may understand German, especially nearer the German border. When traveling around Bohemia, especially if you’re relying on public transport, it’s sensible to learn (or look up) the days of the week in Czech so you can read timetables. Learning the names of foods to read menus is also smart–you can’t go wrong with knedliky or smazeny syr washed down with a chilled pivo.


People Also Ask

What is Bohemia called today?

Bohemia is still called Bohemia today, but it is a region of the modern nation of the Czech Republic rather than a separate kingdom or country. In the Czech language, Bohemia is called Čechy.

Are Bohemian and Czech the same thing?

In the English language, Bohemian and Czech are not the same thing. Bohemian refers to the people or culture of the region of Bohemia, which is part of the Czech Republic. In contrast, Czech refers to the people or culture of the Czech Republic. However, in Czech, Čechy means both Bohemian and Czech.

What is Cesky Krumlov famous for?

Cesky Krumlov is famous for its UNESCO-listed 13th-century Old Town. Within the Old Town is the Cesky Krumlov Castle, which is decorated with Renaissance frescoes and displays Baroque and Gothic elements. The Old Town sits within a horseshoe bend in the Vltava River and is very picturesque.

Which is better, Salzburg or Cesky Krumlov?

Whether you like Salzburg or Cesky Krumlov better depends on your interests. The Austrian city of Salzburg is much bigger than Cesky Krumlov, a small Czech Republic town. While both towns contain beautiful historic buildings, there is much more to see and do in Salzburg, a large modern city.

Is Cesky Krumlov a day trip from Prague?

Yes, Cesky Krumlov can be visited on a day trip from Prague, as it is about a 2.5-hour drive south of the capital. However, it's worth staying for a night or two to make the most of your time in the beautiful UNESCO-listed town and to experience it after the day-trippers have left.

Can you walk around Prague Castle for free?

Yes, parts of Prague Castle can be visited for free. You can walk through many of the courtyards, gardens, and parts of St. Vitus Cathedral for free. However, you must pay an entry fee to enter the exhibitions housed within many of the buildings within the Prague Castle complex.

Frequently Asked Questions
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